|Título:||Characteristics associated with the perception of high-impact disease (PsAID ≥4) in patients with recent-onset psoriatic arthritis. Machine learning-based model.|
|Autores:||Rubén Queiro, Daniel Seoane-Mato, AnaLaiz, Eva Galíndez Agirregoikoa, Carlos Montilla, Hye-Sang Park, Jose A. Pinto-Tasendef, Juan J. Bethencourt Bauteg, Beatriz Joven Ibáñez, Elide Toniolo, Julio Ramírez, Ana Serrano García, Proyecto REAPSER Study Group|
To evaluate which patient and disease characteristics are associated with the perception of high-impact disease (PsAID ≥4) in recent-onset psoriatic arthritis.
We performed a multicenter observational prospective study (2-year follow-up, regular annual visits). The study population comprised patients aged ≥18 years who fulfilled the CASPAR criteria and less than 2 years since the onset of symptoms. The dataset was generated using data for each patient at the 3 visits (baseline, first year, and second year of follow-up) matched with the PsAID values at each of the 3 visits. PsAID was categorized into two groups (<4 and ≥4). We trained a logistic regression model and random forest–type and XGBoost machine learning algorithms to analyze the association between the outcome measure and the variables selected in the bivariate analysis. A k-fold cross-validation with k = 5 was performed.
The sample comprised 158 patients. Of the patients who attended the clinic, 45.8% scored PsAID ≥4 at baseline; 27.1%, at the first follow-up visit, and in 23.0%, at the second follow-up visit. The variables associated with PsAID ≥4 were, in decreasing order of importance: HAQ, pain, educational level, and physical activity. Higher HAQ (logistic regression coefficient 10.394; IC95% 7.777,13.011), higher pain (5.668; 4.016, 7.320), lower educational level (-2.064; -3.515, -0.613) and high level of physical activity (1.221; 0.158, 2.283) were associated with a higher frequency of PsAID ≥4. The mean values of the measures of validity of the algorithms were all ≥85%.
Despite the higher weight given to pain when scoring PsAID, we observed a greater influence of physical function on disease impact.
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